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What is a Computer File? And Types of Computer File

Every computer user know about file, but do you know what is a file? In this post we will know about file and 6 types of file.

What is a Computer File? And Types


What is a Computer File?

A Computer File is a unit which is used to store information, data, commands and settings which are to be used with computer programs and applications.

Photos, Videos, Documents, Desktop Icons, etc. in your computer are files. Every software in computer is made with collection of multiple files grouped to be worked together.

Generally file can only be opened with the help of specific program or application. For example, if you want to open text file, you need a text editor software program.

Types of Computer File

You can easily identify the file type with the extension of that file. There are 6 main types of computer file:

1. Multimedia File

Types of Computer File: Multimedia File

Audio files, video files, image files, photos, etc. comes under multimedia files. Multimedia files are mostly made for entertainment.

These files are opened and viewed with the help of audio player, video player and image viewer software.

General extensions used in multimedia files are as follows:
  • Audio - .mp3, .aac, .wav, etc.
  • Video - .mp4, .3gp, .m4v, .flv, .mkv, .mpeg, etc.
  • Image - .jpg, .png, .ico, .gif, .bmp, .svg, etc.

2. Document File

Types of Computer File: Document File

Text, Word, PDF, etc. files comes under document file. This type of file is used to store important information which is to be shared with people for business purpose.

The document file can store information, images and table in it, which can be used for sharing or presentation of an information.

.doc, .pdf, .txt, .odt, .wpd, .rtf, etc. are general extensions used in document file.

3. Program File

Types of Computer File: Program File

Every program and software in your computer is made with collection of multiple files which stores information, data and settings of that program. These type of files are called as program files.

Program files are very important for working and functioning of software or application program. Even your desktop icons comes under program files.

.exe, .apk, .bat, .bin, .wsf, .dll, .sfx, etc. are general extensions used in program file.

4. System File

Types of Computer File: System File

Files which supports and helps in working of an operating system are called as system files. These files are stored in folder named 'Windows' in 'C Drive' of your computer.

If these files are mistakenly deleted or corrupted, it can crashes operating system of your computer.

.bak, .cur, .dmp, .dll, .exe, .inf, .pnf, .json, .dat, .cgi, etc. are general extensions used in system file.

5. Archive File

Types of Computer File: Archive File

A compressed file package is made by compressing one or more files for backup, storage or sharing. These compressed files are called as archive file.

This compressed file is lesser in size than original files, that's why used for backup, storage and sharing of data.

To access and use those compressed files you first need to decompress them with the help of compressing/decompressing software. You can use WinZip or WinRAR to compress or decompress files.

.7z, .zip, .rar, .bak, .z, .tar.gz, .deb, .arj, .pkg, etc. are general extensions used in archive file.

6. Server File

Types of Computer File: Server File

Every website and application over internet runs with the help of multiple files which are kept in server and called as server files.

Server files are mainly accessible with the help of internet browsers and can be edited with Notepad or Notepad++.

.html, .xhtml, .aspx, .php, .rss, .jsp, .xml, .css, .cfm, .js, .cer, etc. are general extensions used in archive file.

Conclusion: In this post I shared with you information about computer file and its types. Hope this information helps you to understand the concept of file.

If you have any suggestions to improve this post, please let us know by commenting below.

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